بررسی دغدغه معماران مبنی بر جایگزینی هوش مصنوعی به جای طراحان در هزاره سوم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه سوره، تهران، ایران.

2 مدیرگروه معماری داخلی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه سوره، تهران، ایران.

10.22034/rau.2023.1990275.1033

چکیده

ظهور فناوری‌های جدید همیشه طرفداران و مخالفانی داشته است و باعث بوجود آمدن نگرانی ها برای برخی مشاغل شده ولی در بیشتر مواقع جهت بهبود زندگی انسانی عمل کرده است. با پیشرفت هوش مصنوعی در شاخه طراحی معماری سوالاتی در زمینه اهمیت جایگاه معمار و تکنولوژیی که میتواند وظایف یک معمار را تک به تک انجام دهد مطرح شده است . بخاطر همین پژوهشگرانی در نیت به پاسخ به برخی نگرانی‌های معماران درخصوص امکان جایگزینی آنها با هوش‌مصنوعی تحقیقات فراوانی انجام‌داده‌اند و نحوه عملکرد هوش‌مصنوعی را در شرایط واقعی سنجیده‌اند و بازخورد آنها را در مقابله با شرایط متفاوت و غیرمنتظره مورد کنکاش قرارداده‌اند. همچنین امکان استفاده از هوش‌مصنوعی را بعنوان یک طراح در خارج از آزمایشگاه بررسی-کرده‌اند و درنهایت به این نتیجه رسیده اند که هوش مصنوعی بنا به اینکه فاقد خصایص انسانی میباشد و صرفا از آن تقلید میکند نمیتواند در مواردی که نیاز به خلاقیت دارد خوب عمل کند و در مواردی که نیاز به تحلیل تاثیر همزمان چندمسئله و فاکتور بر روی یکدیگر میباشد پاسخ و طرح قابل‌قبولی ارائه دهد. بعلاوه، از لحاظ فنی نیز ساخت‌وراه‌اندازی هوش‌مصنوعی که بتواند مانند یک طراح معمار عمل کند هزینه های چند صد برابری را در مقایسه با یک معمار نیاز دارد و هزینه‌های نگهداری و ارتقاء آنها نیز به آن اضافه میشود. در هر صورت تاثیر هوش‌مصنوعی بر روی مشاغل معماری قابل لمس خواهد بود ولی نه در حدی که خطر جایگزینی را برای آنها داشته باشد و بهتر است آن را بعنوان ابزاری کارآمد درنظرگرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining the concern of architects to replace artificial intelligence with designers in the third millennium

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Yazdani 1
  • Mohammadreza Akbarian 2
1 M.A. in Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Soore University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Director of the Department of Interior Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Soore University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Human societies have always been progressing and all aspects and different sciences have progressed in parallel with each other. In the meantime, the speed of development of sciences related to new technologies, especially computers, has been several times faster and perhaps hundreds of times compared to other sciences. The progress of technology is not an individual or group factor that can be easily controlled, or increase its speed or slow it down, but it is considered a huge and collective movement about society and the world, which is beyond our control. And its speed is adjusted according to the needs of the majority of human societies. The emergence of new technologies has always had supporters and opponents and has caused concerns for some jobs, but in most cases, it has worked to improve human life, and of course, its negative and destructive effects on some jobs and professions are undeniable. But with the disappearance of old jobs, new jobs related to new technology are also introduced, which replace obsolete jobs. But adapting to new jobs will also be a bit challenging because not all people working in an old profession can quickly adapt to new things. Therefore, these new facilities are defined as a big challenge for some and maybe a threat. With the advancement of artificial intelligence in the field of architectural design, questions have been raised about the importance of the position of the architect and the technology that can perform the tasks of an architect one by one, which can help architects in designing or building, and they are becoming more advanced and independent every day. This development will probably have consequences for certain groups in the field of architecture. The replacement of an architect engineer with artificial intelligence is considered the most obvious factor in these changes, and for this reason, researchers have done a lot of research to answer some of the architects' concerns about the possibility of replacing them with artificial intelligence and how artificial intelligence works in the conditions have been measured and their feedback has been explored in dealing with different and unexpected situations to determine whether this artificial intelligence will destroy architects and urban planners and consider it as a strategic threat to construction-related jobs. Is it taken or not? In recent researchers, have examined the possibility of using artificial intelligence as a designer outside the laboratory and finally concluded that artificial intelligence, because it lacks human characteristics and merely imitates it, cannot be used in cases where it is necessary for Creativity works well and in cases where it is necessary to analyze the simultaneous impact of several issues and factors on each other, such as the interference of architectural issues with urban or religious laws, it can provide an acceptable answer and plan. Also, from the implementation side, it cannot present implementation plans, and its solutions are almost one-dimensional, and all the effective factors are not applied in one plan. In addition, from a technical point of view, the construction and operation of artificial intelligence that can act like an architect requires hundreds of times more costs compared to an architect, and the costs of maintaining and upgrading them are also added to it; While with a small percentage of the same costs, you can use human architects who can provide much better performance in complex conditions. According to recent studies, the impact of artificial intelligence on a group of jobs such as taxi drivers, tour guides, factory workers, construction workers, online sellers, and some teachers will be direct, while this will not happen to architecture due to the nature of architecture. was to replace them with artificial intelligence in the future. In any case, the impact of artificial intelligence on architectural jobs will be palpable, but not to the extent that there is a risk of replacing them. When architectural drawing software such as AutoCAD or 3D modeling such as 3D Max was introduced, we faced harsh criticism from critics, while today, after several decades of these software's introduction, we have seen many improvements. We have been more in architecture, which includes saving time, drawing accurately, and making designs understandable for ordinary people. Some activists regarding human rights as well as worried architects are running away from the happenings of this technology and are trying to divert some thoughts to the other side to make the negative aspect of artificial intelligence entering the field of architecture a little colorful. Running away from technology or confronting it is not a correct answer technology will open its way and it is better to consider it as an efficient tool that acts as a research or executive assistant rather than a deterrent or destructive factor.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Artificial intelligence
  • architecture jobs
  • automation
  • future architects
  • architects' concern